34.08.559-96


Ȼ




34.08.559-96

1997

, ѻ

..

02.12 .96 .

- ..




34.08.559-96

. 01.02 .96 . : 34.08.552-95 (.: , 1995 ).

, -3 /80 . - .

1.

1.1 . , , .

- , ( - ).

1 .2 . ( , , ), , ( ).

1.3 . ( ) , , .. .

1.4 . , .

, :

1;

.

1 - .

1.

2 - 4.

1 .5 . , ( 15506 -1 15506 -2 ) (-) ( 15505 ).

1.6 . , - ( ).

i , , .

1 .7 . ( ), , , ( 1), ( 5), ( 13) ( 19) . 2 3 , .

1 .8 . ( ), , ( 3), ( 7), ( 16) ( 21) .

1 .9 . , , , - .

1.10 . , : ( ); - ; - ; - .

, ( ).

2.

-1 :

1 .

2.1. :

2.1.1.

b i . = ( b i - b i ) α i ; ( 1 )

α i = i /, ( 2 )

b - , /( );

- , . .

2.1.2.

b i . = ( b i - b )( α i - α i ). ( 3 )

2 .1 .3 . :

b i = ∆ b i . + ∆ b i . . ( 4 )

2 .2 . ( ):

2 .2.1.

δ b i . = (∆ b . i - ∆ b . i ) α i , (5 )

b i . - , , /( ):

b i . = b i - b i , ( 6 )

b i - , /( ).

2 .2 .2 .

b i . = (∆ b . - ∆ b . i )( α i - α i ). ( 7 )

2 .2 .3 . :

b i = δ b i . + ∆ b i . . (8 )

2 .3 . :

b i = ∆ b i + ∆ b i . (9 )

2.4.

:

2 .4 .1. ( k ) n ( l ) m - :

b l k = ∆ b l ik + ∆ b l ik . (10 )

2 .4 .2 . - m :

( 11 )

2 .4 .3 . n ( q ) m :

(12 )

.

3.

:

3.1. :

3 .1 .1.

b i . = ( b . i - b . i ) α i + ( b i - b i ) α i , ( 13 )

b . - ( ), /;

b - , /;

α i , α i - ( , , ) Q :

α i = Q i / Q ; ( 14 )

α i = Q i / Q . ( 15 )

3 .1 .2 .

b i . = ( b . i - b . )( α i - α i ) + ( b i - b . )( α i - α i ), ( 16 )

b . - , , /.

3.1 .3 .

(17)

i - , . .

3.1.4. :

b i = ∆ b . i + ∆ b . i + ∆ b . i . ( 1 8 )

3 .2 . ( ):

3 .2.1. ,

δ b i . = (∆ b . i - ∆ b . i ) α i , ( 19 )

b i . - , , /:

b i . = b . i - b i , (20 )

b - , , / .

3 .2 .2 .

b i . = (∆ b . - ∆ b . i )( α i - α i ) + ∆ b . ( α i - α i ). ( 21)

3 .2 .3 . :

(22)

3 .2 .4 . :

b i = δ b . i + ∆ b . i + ∆ b . i . ( 23 )

3 .3 . :

b i = ∆ b i + ∆ b i . ( 24 )

3.4.

, , ( 10 ) ( 11 ).

( 23 )

.

1

,

1. :

b p = b () , ( 1.1 )

b - , /( );

() - ( ).

2 . .

, - .

2.1. .

:

b = 103 / Q , (1.2 )

- , , ;

Q - , .

2 .2 . :

2 .2.1. :

(1.3)

- , ;

- , . ;

Q - , ( , , ), :

Q = Q - Q , (1.4 )

Q - ,

2 .2 .2 . :

b . = b (), (1.5)

() - ( );

2 .3 . :

2 .3.1. :

(1.6)

2 .3 .2 . :

(1.7)

2 .4 . :

(1.8)


2

-

2.1

, /( )

, /( )

, /( )

.

-

i

α i

b i

() i

b p i

b i .

300

16148

0 ,006887

319 ,297

1 ,003

320 ,254

0 ,957

200

296048

0 ,126263

347 ,913

1 ,010

351 ,392

3 ,479

262945

0 ,118059

353 ,652

1 ,009

356 ,835

3 ,183

554152

0 ,236343

340 ,508

1 ,008

343 ,232

2 ,724

573655

0 ,257564

339 ,124

1 ,007

341 ,498

2 ,374

-130

369142

0 ,157437

315 ,269

1 ,264

398 ,500

83 ,231

323526

0,145259

326 ,505

1 ,262

412 ,050

85 ,545

419366

0 ,178857

319 ,313

1 ,245

397 ,545

78 ,232

440828

0 ,197927

308 ,923

1 ,249

385 ,845

76 ,922

-90

310346

0 ,132361

427 ,532

1 ,025

438 ,221

10 ,689

251923

0 ,113111

437 ,066

1 ,019

445 ,370

8 ,304

28932

0 ,012339

420 ,711

1 ,0

420 ,711

0

35980

0 ,016155

417 ,204

1 ,0

417 ,204

0

- 90

160388

0 ,068404

400 ,953

1 ,298

520 ,437

119,484

152356

0 ,068406

408,130

1 ,267

517 ,100

108 ,970

190175

0 ,081109

371 ,942

1 ,264

470 ,134

98 ,192

175187

0 ,078657

381 ,855

1 ,244

475 ,027

93 ,172

10828

0 ,004862

436 ,924

1 ,419

619 ,993

183 ,069

α

b

-

b

b .

-

2344697

1 ,0

352 ,725

-

398 ,463

45 ,738

2227228

1,0

353 ,925

-

399 ,176

45 ,251

-

-

- 1 ,200

-

-0 ,713

0 ,487

2 .2

, /( )

b . i

b . i

b i

δ b . i

b . i

b i

b i

1*

3 *

4 *

5 *

7*

8 *

9 *

300

-

- 0 ,543

- 0 ,543

-

0 ,305

0 ,305

- 0 ,238

200

- 0 ,687

- 0 ,347

- 1 ,034

- 0 ,037

0 ,345

0 ,308

- 0 ,726

0 ,410

1 ,224

1 ,634

- 0 ,083

- 0 ,910

- 0 ,993

0 ,641

Σ

- 0 ,277

0 ,877

0 ,600

- 0 ,120

- 0 ,565

0 ,685

- 0 ,085

- 130

- 2,133

0 ,157

- 1 ,976

0 ,364

- 0 ,491

- 0 ,127

- 2 ,103

2 ,093

0 ,254

2 ,347

- 0 ,234

0 ,604

0 ,370

2 ,717

Σ

- 0 ,040

0 ,411

0 ,371

0 ,130

0 ,113

0 ,243

0 ,614

-90

- 0 ,947

0 ,889

- 0 ,058

- 0 ,316

0 ,711

0 ,395

0 ,337

0 ,043

- 0 ,069

- 0 ,026

0

- 0 ,173

- 0 ,173

- 0 ,199

Σ

- 0 ,904

0 ,820

- 0 ,084

- 0 ,316

0 ,538

0 ,222

0 ,138

- 90

0 ,228

0

0 ,228

- 0 ,719

0

- 0 ,719

- 0 ,491

- 0 ,397

0 ,186

- 0 ,211

- 0 ,407

- 0 ,117

- 0 ,524

- 0 ,735

Σ

- 0 ,169

0 ,186

0 ,017

- 1 ,126

- 0 ,117

- 1 ,243

- 1 ,226

-

- 1 ,073

-1, 073

-

0 ,670

0 ,670

- 0 ,403

b .

b .

b

δ b .

b .

b

b

-

-1,390

0 ,678

- 0 ,712

- 1 ,432

0 ,944

- 0 ,488

- 1 ,200

* .

3

-

3 .1

,

,

, /

, .

Q i

Q i

i

i

b i

i

() i

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

300

2411

-

405

-

167 ,980

60

1 ,003

200

21712

-

3764

-

173 ,360

310

1 ,010

19080

-

3296

-

172 ,746

275

1 ,009

28956

-

5027

-

173 ,608

600

1 ,010

21568

-

3726

-

172 ,756

428

1 ,008

- 130

589369

-

83271

-

141 ,288

6713

1 ,258

517472

-

73295

-

141 ,641

6317

1 ,262

970366

77326

137328

11850

141 ,522

10189

1 ,244

440828

6221

60526

957

137 ,301

5274

1 ,258

-90

35661

-

6565

-

184 ,095

713

1 ,025

24548

-

4476

-

182 ,337

557

1 ,026

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

- 90

541168

23381

80109

3588

148 ,030

4445

1 ,300

449092

-

67049

-

149 ,299

4787

1 ,267

969069

45281

132913

6948

137 ,155

4312

1 ,256

945950

18764

129028

2864

136 ,400

3340

1 ,241

69956

3666

8879

572

126 ,923

928

1 ,391

Q

Q

b

()

-

3158712

145988

449382

22386

142 ,267

27342

-

2488494

28651

350275

4393

140 ,759

21906

-

-

-

-

-

1 ,508

-

-

3 .2

,

-

, /

( )

Q i

α i

α i

b i

b i

b i

b . i

b . i

b i

b. i

1.4 *

14 *

15 *

1.3 *

1.2 *

1.6 *

1.5 *

1.7 *

1.8 *

20 *

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

300

2411

0 ,000763

-

160 ,034

-

160 ,034

160 ,514

160 ,514

168 ,484

0 ,480

200

21712

0 ,006874

-

168 ,393

-

168 ,393

170 ,077

170 ,077

175 ,094

1,684

19080

0 ,007667

-

167 ,650

-

167 ,650

169,159

169 ,159

174 ,302

1,509

28956

0 ,009167

-

166 ,553

-

166 ,553

168 ,218

168 ,218

175 ,330

1,665

21568

0 ,008667

-

166 ,027

-

166 ,027

167 ,355

167 ,355

174 ,132

1 ,328

-130

589369

0,186585

-

137 ,697

-

137 ,697

173 ,223

173 ,223

177 ,762

35 ,526

517472

0 ,207946

-

137 ,655

-

137 ,655

173 ,720

173 ,720

178 ,750

36 ,065

893040

0 ,282723

0 ,024480

136 ,864

153 ,247

138 ,169

170 ,258

168 ,903

173 ,077

33 ,394

434607

0,174647

0 ,002499

133 ,316

153 ,834

133 ,605

167 ,711

167,515

172 ,131

34 ,395

- 90

35661

0 ,911290

-

175 ,547

-

175 ,547

179 ,936

179 ,936

188 ,698

4 ,389

24548

0 ,009865

-

172 ,419

-

172 ,419

176 ,902

176 ,902

187 ,007

4 ,483

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-90

517787

0,163923

0 ,007403

144 ,342

153 ,458

144 ,736

187 ,645

186 ,168

190 ,443

43 ,303

449092

0,180467

-

144 ,949

-

144 ,949

183 ,650

183 ,650

189 ,162

38 ,701

923788

0 ,292457

0 ,014335

134 ,621

153 ,442

135 ,500

169 ,084

168 ,353

170 ,445

34 ,463

927186

0 ,372589

0 ,007541

134 ,696

152 ,633

135 ,052

167 ,158

166 ,870

168 ,547

32 ,462

66290

0 ,026639

0 ,001473

119 ,197

156 ,028

121 ,127

165 ,803

165 ,291

173 ,515

46 ,606

Q

α

α

b

b

b

b .

b .

b

b.

-

3012724

0 ,953782

0 ,046218

138 ,613

153 ,341

139 ,295

173 ,552

172 ,618

176 ,326

34 ,939

2459843

0 ,988487

0 ,011513

137 ,436

153 ,328

137 ,618

171 ,725

171 ,513

175 ,438

34 ,289

-

0 ,034705

0 ,034705

1 ,177

0 ,013

1,677

1 ,827

1 ,105

0 ,888

0 ,650

* .


3.3

, /

b .. i

b .. i

b . i

b .. i

b .. i

b . i

b . i

b i

13 *

13 *

13 *

16 *

16 *

16 *

17 *

18*

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

300

-

-

-

-0 ,008

-

- 0 ,008

0 ,006

- 0 ,002

200

0 ,006

-

0 ,006

0 ,002

-

0 ,002

-0 ,005

0 ,003

0 ,008

-

0 ,008

-0 ,002

-

-0 ,002

0 ,006

0 ,012

Σ

0 ,014

-

0 ,014

0 ,000

-

0 ,000

0 ,001

0 ,015

-130

- 0 ,093

-

- 0 ,093

- 0 ,047

-

-0 ,047

-0 ,199

- 0 ,339

0 ,721

- 0 ,014

0 ,707

-0 ,411

- 0 ,389

-0 ,800

0 ,465

0 ,372

Σ

0 ,628

- 0 ,014

0 ,614

-0 ,458

-0 ,389

- 0 ,847

0 ,266

0 ,033

-90

0 ,034

-

0 ,034

0 ,007

-

0 ,007

-0 ,001

0 ,040

-90

0 ,655

-

0 ,655

-0 ,201

-0 ,134

-0 ,335

-0 ,262

0 ,058

0 ,563

0 ,012

0 ,575

0 ,349

-0 ,128

0 ,221

0 ,004

0 ,800

Σ

1 ,218

0 ,012

1,230

0 ,148

-0 ,262

-0 ,114

- 0 ,258

0 ,858

-

-

-

0 ,152

0 ,023

0 ,175

-0 ,231

- 0 ,056

b ..

b ..

b .

b ..

b ..

b .

b .

b

-

1,894

-0 ,002

1,892

- 0 ,159

- 0 ,628

- 0 ,787

- 0 ,217

0 ,888

3.3

δ b . i

b .. i

b .. i

b . i

b . i

b i

b i

19 *

21 *

21 *

21 *

22 *

23 *

24 *

1

2

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

300

-

0 ,026

-

0 ,026

0 ,000

0 ,026

0 ,024

200

- 0 ,001

- 0 ,026

-

-0 ,026

0 ,000

-0 ,027

- 0 ,024

- 0 ,003

0 ,016

-

0 ,016

0 ,000

0 ,013

0 ,025

Σ

-0 ,004

0 ,010

-

-0 ,010

0 ,000

-0 ,014

0 ,001

-130

0 ,100

0 ,038

-

0 ,038

0 ,040

0 ,178

- 0 ,161

0 ,283

- 0 ,011

0 ,754

0 ,743

- 0 ,089

0 ,937

1 ,309

Σ

0 ,383

0 ,027

0 ,754

0 ,781

- 0 ,049

1 ,115

1,148

-90

0 ,001

0 ,042

-

0 ,042

0 ,000

0 ,043

0 ,083

-90

- 0 ,754

0 ,073

0 ,254

0 ,327

0 ,041

- 0 ,386

- 0 ,328

- 0 ,585

- 0 ,146

0 ,233

0 ,087

- 0 ,009

-0 ,507

0 ,293

Σ

- 1,339

- 0 ,073

0 ,487

0 ,414

0 ,032

-0 ,893

- 0 ,035

-

0 ,328

- 0 ,051

0 ,277

0 ,068

0 ,345

0 ,289

δ b .

b ..

b ..

b .

b .

b

b

-

- 0 ,959

0 ,340

1,190

1 ,530

0 ,051

0 ,622

1,510

* .

3:

1 . ( / ) - :

b = 1,508 ( . 8 . 3.1 . 17 . 3.3);

( ) ∆ b = 0 ,888 (. 12 . 3.2 . 10 . 3.3).

2 . (/) :

b = ∆ b - ∆ b = 1 ,508 - 0 ,888 = 0 ,620

(. . 16 . 3.3).

3. b . = 1,105 (. 11 . 3.2). : ∆ b . = 1,892 (. 5 . 3.3) ∆ b . = -0,787 (. 8 . 3.3).

4

. :

( 34 .08 .552 -93 ):

- :

(4.1)

q = q () ; (4 .2 )

- :

( 4 .3 )

- :

( 4 .4 )

(4.5)

- :

( 4 .6 )

j - i - ,

( 4.1):

( 4 .7 )

( 4.3):

( 4 .8 )

( 4.4 ):

( 4 .9 )

( 4.6 ):

( 4.10 )

ij ij - ;

,

( 4.1 ) :

( 4 .11)

( 4.3):

( 4.12 )

( 4.4):

( 4.13 )

( 4.6):

( 4 .14 )

:

( 4.15 )

( 4.16 )

(4.17)

(4.18)

:

( 4.19 )

( 4 .20 )

( 4 .21 )

( 4 .22 )

:

b i = 367 ,834 ; b i = 415 ,521 ; ∆ b . i = 65 ,842;

b . i = 72 ,633 ; b i = 47 ,687 ; ∆(∆ b . i ) = 6 ,791 ;

b . i = 174 ,324 ; b . i = 188 ,558 ; ∆ b . i = 31 ,203 ;

b . i = 32,960 ; ∆ b . i = 14, 234 ; ∆( ∆ b . i ) = 1,757 .

. 4.1.


4.1

b i

b . i

b . i

b . i

ij

ij

b . ij

b ij

b .. ij

b . ij

∆( ∆ b . ij )

∆( ∆ b . ij )

∆( ∆ b . ij )

∆( ∆ b . ij )

-

-

4.7 *

4.15 *

4.8 *

4.16 *

4.9 *

4.17 *

4.10 *

4.18 *

q

2083

2142

10 ,419

10 ,946

-

-

1 ,865

2 ,199

-

-

100 + q

1 01 ,0

102 ,0

3 ,642

3 ,826

-

-

0 ,652

0 ,769

-

-

100 + α

1 01 ,2

102 ,2

-

-

1 ,723

1 ,762

-

-

0 ,308

0 ,395

η

90 ,0

87 ,0

12 ,684

13 ,325

6 ,011

6 ,148

2 ,270

2 ,676

1 ,076

1 ,380

Q

1,0

1 ,0

0 ,0

0 ,0

0 ,0

0 ,0

0 ,0

0 ,0

0 ,0

0 ,0

100 - q

98 ,0

97 ,0

3 ,792

3 ,984

1 ,797

1 ,838

0 ,679

0 ,800

0 ,322

0 ,413

100 -

94 ,03

91 ,28

11 ,082

11 ,642

5 ,252

5 ,372

1 ,984

2 ,339

0 ,940

1,205

100 -

98 ,5

97 ,0

-

-

- 2 ,655

- 2 ,715

-

-

- 0 ,475

- 0 ,609

η

98 ,5

97 ,5

3 ,773

3 ,964

1 ,788

1 ,829

0 ,675

0 ,796

0 ,320

0 ,410

1 - ζ

0 ,3522

0 ,3444

-

-

-

-

- 1 ,458

- 1 ,719

- 0 ,691

- 0 ,886

α

0 ,5082

0 ,5012

-

-

-

-

- 0 ,907

- 1 ,069

- 0 ,430

-0 ,551

b . i

b i

b .. i

b . i

∆( ∆ b . j )

∆( ∆ b . i )

∆( ∆ b . i )

∆( ∆ b . i )

4.11*

-

4.12 *

-

4 .13 *

-

4 .14 *

-

45 ,392

47 ,687

13 ,916

14,234

5 ,760

6 ,791

1 ,370

1 ,757

* .


1. . 1

2. .. 2

3. . 4

1 , . 5

2 - . 7

3 - . 8

4 . 12