ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ СТАНДАРТ СОЮЗА ССР

СВАРКА, ВЫСОКОТЕМПЕРАТУРНАЯ И НИЗКОТЕМПЕРАТУРНАЯ ПАЙКА, ПАЙКОСВАРКА МЕТАЛЛОВ

ПЕРЕЧЕНЬ И УСЛОВНЫЕ ОБОЗНАЧЕНИЯ ПРОЦЕССОВ

ГОСТ 29297-92

(ИСО 4063-90)

КОМИТЕТ СТАНДАРТИЗАЦИИ И МЕТРОЛОГИИ СССР

Москва

ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ СТАНДАРТ СОЮЗА СССР

СВАРКА, ВЫСОКОТЕМПЕРАТУРНАЯ И НИЗКОТЕМПЕРАТУРНАЯ ПАЙКА, ПАЙКОСВАРКА МЕТАЛЛОВ

Перечень и условные обозначения процессов

Welding, brazing, soldering and braze welding of metals. Nomenclature and reference numbers of processes

ГОСТ

29297-92

(ИСО 4063-90)

Дата введения 01.01.93

1. НАЗНАЧЕНИЕ И ОБЛАСТЬ ПРИМЕНЕНИЯ

Настоящий стандарт устанавливает перечень и условные обозначения процессов сварки, высокотемпературной и низкотемпературной пайки и пайкосварки.

Каждый процесс имеет свое условное цифровое обозначение (индекс). Этот индекс используют в условных обозначениях сварных швов на чертежах и в другой технической документации.

Определения основных процессов сварки содержатся в ГОСТ 2601, основных процессов пайки - в ГОСТ 17325.

Дополнения, отражающие потребности народного хозяйства, набраны курсивом.

2. ССЫЛКИ

ГОСТ 2601 «Сварка металлов. Термины и определения основных понятий».

ГОСТ 17325 «Пайка и лужение. Основные термины, и определения».

3. ПЕРЕЧЕНЬ

Термины с указанием USA употребляются в США.

Настоящий стандарт не может быть полностью или частично воспроизведен, тиражирован и распространен без разрешения Госстандарта СССР

0 Сварка плавлением

0 Fusion welding

1 Дуговая сварка

1 Arc welding

101 Дуговая сварка плавящимся электродом

101 Metal-arc welding

11 Дуговая сварка плавящимся электродом без газовой защиты

11 Metal-arc welding without gas protection

111 Дуговая сварка плавящимся покрытым электродом

111 Metal-arc welding with covered electrode; (manuel metal-arc welding); shielded metal-arc welding (USA)

112 Сварка наклонным электродом

112 Gravity arc welding with covered electrode

113 Дуговая сварка голой проволокой (без дополнительной защиты)

113 Bare wire metal arc welding; bare metal-arc welding (USA)

114 Дуговая сварка порошковой проволокой без газовой защиты

114 Flux-cored wire metal-arc welding without gas shield, flux-cored arc welding (without gas shield) (USA)

115 Дуговая сварка электродной проволокой с покрытием

115 Coaled wire metal-arc welding

118 Сварка лежачим электродом

118 Firecracker welding

12 Дуговая сварка под флюсом

12 Submerged arc welding

121 Дуговая сварка под флюсом проволочным электродом

121 Submerged arc welding with wire electrode

122 Дуговая сварка под флюсом ленточным электродом

122 Submerged arc welding with strip electrode

13 Дуговая сварка в защитном газе плавящимся электродом

13 Gas-shielded metal-arc welding; gas metal-arc welding (USA)

131 Дуговая сварка в инертном газе плавящимся электродом

131 Metal-arc inert gas welding; MIG welding

135 Дуговая сварка в активном газе плавящимся электродом

135 Metal-arc active gas welding; MAG welding

136 Дуговая сварка в активном газе порошковой проволокой

136 Flux cored wire metal-arc welding with active gas shield; flux-cored arc welding (with active gas shield) (USA)

137 Дуговая сварка в инертном газе порошковой проволокой

137 Flux-cored wire metal-arc welding with inert gas shield; flux-cored arc welding (with inert gas shield) (USA)

14 Дуговая сварка в защитном газе неплавящимся электродом

14 Gas-shielded welding with non-consumable electrode

141 Дуговая сварка в инертном газе вольфрамовым электродом

141 Tungsten inert gas arc welding; TIG welding; gas tungsten arc welding (USA)

149 Атомно-водородная сварка

149 Atomic-hydrogen welding

15 Плазменная сварка

15 Plasma arc welding

151 Плазменная сварка в инертном газе

151 Plasma MIG welding

18 Прочие процессы дуговой сварки

18 Other arc welding processes

181 Дуговая сварка угольным электродом

181 Carbon-arc welding

185 Сварка дугой, приводимой в движение магнитным полем

185 Magnetically impelled arc butt welding

2 Контактная сварка

2 Resistance welding

21 Точечная контактная сварка

21 Spot welding; resistance spot welding (USA)

22 Шовная контактная сварка

22 Seam welding; resistance seam welding (USA)

221 Шовная сварка внахлестку

221 Lap seam welding

222 Шовная сварка с раздавливанием кромок

222 Mash seam welding

225 Шовная сварка с накладками

225 Seam welding with strip

23 Рельефная сварка

23 Resistance projection welding;; projection welding (USA)

24 Стыковая сварка оплавлением

24 Flash welding

25 Стыковая сварка сопротивлением

25 Resistance butt welding; upset welding (USA)

29 Прочие процессы контактной сварки

29 Other resistance welding processes-

291 Высокочастотная сварка

291 High-frequency resistance welding; HF resistance welding; high-frequency seam welding (USA); high-freguency upset welding (USA)

3 Газовая сварка

3 Gas welding; fuel gas welding (USA)

31 Газокислородная сварка

31 Oxy-fuel gas welding

311 Ацетиленокислородная сварка

311 Oxy-acetylene welding

312 Пропанокислородная сварка

312 Oxy-propane welding

313 Водороднокислородная сварка

313 Oxy - hydrogen welding

32 Газовоздушная сварка

32 Air-fuel gas welding

321 Ацетиленовоздушная сварка

321 Air-acetylene welding

322 Пропановоздушная сварка

322 Air-propane welding

4 Сварка давлением

4 Pressure welding

41 Ультразвуковая сварка

41 Ultrasonic welding

42 Сварка трением

42 Friction welding

43 Кузнечная сварка

43 Forge welding

44 Сварка с применением мощных источников механической энергии

44 Welding by high mechanical energy

441 Сварка взрывом

441 Explosive welding; explosion welding (USA)

45 Диффузионная сварка

45 Diffusion welding

47 Газопрессовая сварка

47 Cas pressure welding; pressure-gas welding (USA)

48 Холодная сварка

48 Cold pressure welding; cold welding (USA)

7 Прочие процессы сварки

7 Other welding processes

71 Термитная сварка

71 Alumino-thermic welding; thermic-welding (USA)

72 Электрошлаковая сварка

72 Electro-slag welding

73 Дуговая сварка с принудительным формированием и газовой защитой

73 Electro-gas welding

74 Индукционная сварка

74 Induction welding

75 Световая сварка

75 Light radiation welding

751 Лазерная сварка

751 Laser beam welding

752 Сварка световым излучением дуги

752 Arc image welding

753 Сварка инфракрасным излучением

753 Infrared welding

76 Электронно-лучевая сварка

76 Electron beam welding

77 Ударная сварка

77 Percussion welding

78 Приварка шпилек (стержней)

78 Stud welding

781 Дуговая приварка шпилек

781 Arc stud welding; stud arc welding (USA)

782 Контактная приварка шпилек

782 Resistance stud welding

9 Высокотемпературная и низкотемпературная пайка и пайко-сварка

9 Brazing, soldering and braze welding

91 Высокотемпературная пайка

91 Brazing

911 Высокотемпературная пайка инфракрасным излучением

911 Infrared brazing

912 Высокотемпературная газопламенная пайка

912 Flame brazing; torch brazing (USA)

913 Высокотемпературная пайка в печи

913 Furnace brazing

914 Высокотемпературная пайка погружением в расплавленный припой

914 Dip brazing

915 Высокотемпературная пайка погружением в расплавленную соль

915 Salt-bath brazing; molten chemical-bath dip brazing (USA)

916 Высокотемпературная индукционная пайка

916 Induction brazing

917 Высокотемпературная ультразвуковая пайка

917 Ultrasonic brazing

918 Высокотемпературная пайка электросопротивлением

918 Resistance brazing

919 Высокотемпературная диффузионная пайка

919 Diffusion brazing

923 Высокотемпературная пайка трением

923 Friction brazing

924 Высокотемпературная пайка в вакууме

924 Vacuum brazing

93 Прочие процессы высокотемпературной пайки

93 Other brazing processes

94 Низкотемпературная пайка

94 Soldering

941 Низкотемпературная пайка инфракрасным излучением

941 Infrared soldering

942 Низкотемпературная газопламенная пайка

942 Flame soldering; torch soldering (USA)

943 Низкотемпературная пайка в печи

943 Furnace soldering

944 Низкотемпературная пайка погружением в расплавленный припой

944 Dip soldering

945 Низкотемпературная пайка погружением в расплавленную соль

945 Salt-bath soldering

946 Низкотемпературная индукционная пайка

946 Induction soldering

947 Низкотемпературная ультразвуковая пайка

947 Ultrasonic soldering

948 Низкотемпературная пайка электросопротивлением

948 Resistance soldering

949 Низкотемпературная диффузионная пайка

949 Diffusion soldering

951 Низкотемпературная пайка волной припоя

951 Wave soldering

952 Пайка паяльником

952 Soldering with soldering iron

953 Низкотемпературная пайка трением

953 Abrasion soldering

954 Низкотемпературная пайка в вакууме

954 Vacuum soldering

956 Низкотемпературная пайка протягиванием через расплавленный припой

956 Drag soldering

96 Прочие процессы низкотемпературной пайки

96 Other soldering processes

97 Пайкосварка

97 Braze welding

971 Газопламенная пайкосварка

971 Gas braze welding

972 Дуговая пайкосварка

972 Arc braze welding

АЛФАВИТНЫЙ УКАЗАТЕЛЬ

Атомно-водородная сварка                                                                                                          149

Ацетилено-воздушная сварка                                                                                                      321

Ацетилено-кислородная сварка                                                                                                   311

Водородно-кислородная сварка                                                                                                   313

Высокотемпературная газопламенная пайка                                                                              912

Высокотемпературная диффузионная пайка                                                                               919

Высокотемпературная индукционная пайка                                                                              916

Высокотемпературная и низкотемпературная пайка и пайкосварка                                        9

Высокотемпературная пайка                                                                                                        91

Высокотемпературная пайка в вакууме                                                                                       924

Высокотемпературная пайка в печи                                                                                            913

Высокотемпературная пайка инфракрасным излучением                                                         911

Высокотемпературная пайка погружением в расплавленный припой                                   914

Высокотемпературная пайка погружением в расплавленную соль                                         915

Высокотемпературная пайка трением                                                                                         923

Высокотемпературная пайка электросопротивлением                                                             918

Высокотемпературная ультразвуковая пайка                                                                             917

Высокочастотная сварка                                                                                                               291

Газовая сварка                                                                                                                               3

Газовоздушная сварка                                                                                                                   32

Газокислородная сварка                                                                                                               31

Газопламенная пайкосварка                                                                                                         971

Газопрессовая сварка                                                                                                                    47

Диффузионная сварка                                                                                                                   45

Дуговая пайкосварка                                                                                                                     972

Дуговая приварка шпилек                                                                                                            781

Дуговая сварка                                                                                                                               1

Дуговая сварка в активном газе плавящимся электродом                                                         135

Дуговая сварка в активном газе порошковой проволокой                                                        136

Дуговая сварка в защитном газе неплавящимся электродом                                                    14

Дуговая сварка в защитном газе плавящимся электродом                                                        13

Дуговая сварка в инертном газе вольфрамовым электродом                                                    141

Дуговая сварка в инертном газе плавящимся электродом                                                        131

Дуговая сварка в инертном газе порошковой проволокой                                                       137

Дуговая сварка голой проволокой (без дополнительной защиты)                                           113

Дуговая сварка плавящимся покрытым электродом                                                                  111

Дуговая сварка плавящимся электродом                                                                                     101

Дуговая сварка плавящимся электродом без газовой защиты                                                   11

Дуговая сварка под флюсом                                                                                                         12

Дуговая сварка под флюсом ленточным электродом                                                                122

Дуговая сварка под флюсом проволочным электродом                                                            121

Дуговая сварка порошковой проволокой без газовой защиты                                                  114

Дуговая сварка с принудительным формированием и газовой защитой                                 73

Дуговая сварка угольным электродом                                                                                         181

Дуговая сварка электродной проволокой с покрытием                                                            115

Индукционная сварка                                                                                                                   74

Контактная приварка шпилек                                                                                                      782

Контактная сварка                                                                                                                         2

Кузнечная сварка                                                                                                                           43

Лазерная сварка                                                                                                                             751

Низкотемпературная газопламенная пайка                                                                                942

Низкотемпературная диффузионная пайка                                                                                 949

Низкотемпературная индукционная пайка                                                                                 946

Низкотемпературная пайка                                                                                                          94

Низкотемпературная пайка в вакууме                                                                                         954

Низкотемпературная пайка в печи                                                                                              943

Низкотемпературная пайка волной припоя                                                                               951

Низкотемпературная пайка инфракрасным излучением                                                           941

Низкотемпературная пайка погружением в расплавленный припой                                      944

Низкотемпературная пайка погружением в расплавленную соль                                            945

Низкотемпературная пайка протягиванием через расплавленный припой                            956

Низкотемпературная пайка трением                                                                                           953

Низкотемпературная пайка электросопротивлением                                                                948

Низкотемпературная ультразвуковая пайка                                                                                947

Пайка паяльником                                                                                                                         952

Пайкосварка                                                                                                                                   97

Плазменная сварка                                                                                                                        15

Плазменная сварка в инертном газе                                                                                            151

Приварка шпилек (стержней)                                                                                                       78

Пропановоздушная сварка                                                                                                            322

Пропанокислородная сварка                                                                                                        312

Прочие процессы высокотемпературной пайки                                                                        93

Прочие процессы дуговой сварки                                                                                               18

Прочие процессы контактной сварки                                                                                         29

Прочие процессы низкотемпературной пайки                                                                          96

Прочие процессы сварки                                                                                                              7

Рельефная сварка                                                                                                                           23

Сварка взрывом                                                                                                                             441

Сварка давлением                                                                                                                         4

Сварка дугой, приводимой в движение магнитным полем                                                     185

Сварка инфракрасным излучением                                                                                             753

Сварка лежачим электродом                                                                                                        118

Сварка наклонным электродом                                                                                                   112

Сварка плавлением                                                                                                                       0

Сварка световым излучением дуги                                                                                             752

Сварка с применением мощных источников механической энергии                                      44

Сварка трением                                                                                                                             42

Световая сварка                                                                                                                             75

Стыковая сварка оплавлением                                                                                                    24

Стыковая сварка сопротивлением                                                                                              25

Точечная контактная сварка                                                                                                         21

Термитная сварка                                                                                                                          71

Ультразвуковая сварка                                                                                                                  41

Ударная сварка                                                                                                                              77

Холодная сварка                                                                                                                            48

Шовная контактная сварка                                                                                                           22

Шовная сварка внахлестку                                                                                                           221

Шовная сварка с накладками                                                                                                       225

Шовная сварка с раздавливанием кромок                                                                                  222

Электрошлаковая сварка                                                                                                               72

Электронно-лучевая сварка                                                                                                         76

АЛФАВИТНЫЙ УКАЗАТЕЛЬ НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ

Abrasion soldering                                                                                                                            953

Air-acetylene welding                                                                                                                        321

Air-fuel gas welding                                                                                                                          32

Air-propane welding                                                                                                                         322

Alumino-thermic welding                                                                                                                   71

Arc braze welding                                                                                                                             972

Arc image welding                                                                                                                            752

Arc stud welding                                                                                                                               781

Arc welding                                                                                                                                      1

Atomic-hydrogen welding                                                                                                                 149

Bare metal-arc welding (USA)                                                                                                          113

Bare wire metal-arc welding                                                                                                              113

Braze welding                                                                                                                                   97

Brazing                                                                                                                                             91

Brazing, soldering and braze welding                                                                                                 9

Carbon-arc welding                                                                                                                          181

Coated wire metal-arc welding                                                                                                          115

Cold pressure welding                                                                                                                       48

Cold welding (USA)                                                                                                                         48

Diffusion blazing                                                                                                                                919

Diffusion soldering                                                                                                                             949

Diffusion welding                                                                                                                               45

Dip brazing                                                                                                                                       914

Dip soldering                                                                                                                                    944

Drag soldering                                                                                                                                  956

Electro-gas welding                                                                                                                           73

Electro-slag welding                                                                                                                          72

Electron beam welding                                                                                                                      76

Explosion welding (USA)                                                                                                                  441

Explosive welding                                                                                                                             441

Firecracker welding                                                                                                                          118

Flame brazing                                                                                                                                   912

Flame soldering                                                                                                                                 942

Flash welding                                                                                                                                    24

Flux-cored arc welding (with active gas shield) (USA)                                                                       136

Flux cored arc welding (with inert gas shield) (USA)                                                                          137

Flux cored arc welding (without gas shield) (USA)                                                                             114

Flux cored wire metal-arc welding with active gas shield                                                                    136

Flux-cored wire metal-arc welding with inert gas shield                                                                      137

Flux-cored wire metal-arc welding without gas shield                                                                        114

Forge welding                                                                                                                                  43

Friction brazing                                                                                                                                 923

Friction welding                                                                                                                               42

Fuel gas welding (USA)                                                                                                                   3

Furnace brazing                                                                                                                               913

Pinnace soldering                                                                                                                              943

Fusion welding                                                                                                                                 0

Gas braze welding                                                                                                                            971

Gas metal-arc welding (USA)                                                                                                          13

Gas pressure welding                                                                                                                       47

Gas-shielded metal-arc welding                                                                                                         13

Gas shielded welding with non-consumable electrode                                                                        14

Gas tungsten arc welding (USA)                                                                                                       141

Gas welding                                                                                                                                     3

Gravity arc welding with covered electrode                                                                                        112

HF resistance welding                                                                                                                       291

High-frequency resistance welding                                                                                                     291

High-frequency seam welding (USA)                                                                                                 291

High-frequency upset welding (USA)                                                                                                291

Induction brazing                                                                                                                               916

Induction soldering                                                                                                                            946

Induction welding                                                                                                                              74

Infrared brazing                                                                                                                                 911

Infrared soldering                                                                                                                              941

Infrared welding                                                                                                                                753

Lap seam welding                                                                                                                             221

Laser beam welding                                                                                                                          751

Light radiation welding                                                                                                                      75

Magnetically impelled arc butt welding                                                                                               185

MAG welding                                                                                                                                   135

Manual metal-arc welding                                                                                                                 111

Mush seam welding                                                                                                                           222

Metal-arc active gas welding                                                                                                             135

Metal-arc inert gas welding                                                                                                               131

Metal-arc welding                                                                                                                             101

Metal-arc welding with covered electrode                                                                                         111

Metal-arc welding without gas protection                                                                                           11

MIG welding                                                                                                                                    31

Molten chemical-bath dip brazing (USA)                                                                                           915

Other arc welding processes                                                                                                             18

Other brazing processes                                                                                                                    93

Other resistance welding processes                                                                                                   29

Other soldering processes                                                                                                                 96

Other welding processes                                                                                                                   7

Oxy-acetylene welding                                                                                                                      311

Oxy-fuel gas welding                                                                                                                         31

Oxy-hydrogen welding                                                                                                                      313

Oxy-propane welding                                                                                                                      312

Percussion welding                                                                                                                            77

Plasma arc welding                                                                                                                           15

Plasma MIG welding                                                                                                                         131

Pressure gas welding (USA)                                                                                                             47

Pressure welding                                                                                                                              4

Projection welding (USA)                                                                                                                 23

Resistance brazing                                                                                                                             918

Resistance butt welding                                                                                                                     25

resistance projection welding                                                                                                             23

"Resistance seam welding (USA)                                                                                                       22

Resistance soldering                                                                                                                          948

Resistance spot welding (USA)                                                                                                         21

Resistance stud welding                                                                                                                     782

Resistance welding                                                                                                                            2

Salt-bath brazing                                                                                                                               915

Salt-bath soldering                                                                                                                            915

Seam welding                                                                                                                                   22

Seam welding with strip                                                                                                                     225

Shielded metal-arc welding (USA)                                                                                                    111

Soldering                                                                                                                                          94

Soldering with soldering iron                                                                                                              952

Spot welding                                                                                                                                     21

Stud arc welding (USA)                                                                                                                    781

Stud welding                                                                                                                                     78

Submerged arc welding                                                                                                                     12

Submerged arc welding with strip electrode                                                                                       122

Submerged arc welding with wire electrode                                                                                       121

Thermic welding (USA)                                                                                                                    71

TIG welding                                                                                                                                      141

Torch brazing (USA)                                                                                                                        912

Torch soldering (USA)                                                                                                                      912

Tungsten inert gas arc welding                                                                                                           141

Ultrasonic brazing                                                                                                                             917

Ultrasonic soldering                                                                                                                           917

Ultrasonic welding                                                                                                                             44

Upset welding (USA)                                                                                                                        25

Vacuum brazing                                                                                                                                924

Vacuum soldering                                                                                                                             954

Wave soldering                                                                                                                                 951

Welding by high mechanical energy                                                                                                    44

ИНФОРМАЦИОННЫЕ ДАННЫЕ

1. ПОДГОТОВЛЕН И ВНЕСЕН Техническим комитетом ТК 72 «Сварка и родственные процессы»

РАЗРАБОТЧИКИ

Л. М. Лобанов, чл.-корр. АН УССР; Я. М. Юзькив (руководитель темы), канд. техн. наук; Л. Н. Осинская

2. УТВЕРЖДЕН И ВВЕДЕН В ДЕЙСТВИЕ Постановлением Комитета стандартизации и метрологии СССР от 06.02.92 № 114

Настоящий стандарт разработан методом прямого применения международного стандарта ИСО 4063-90 «Сварка, высокотемпературная пайка, пайка-сварка и низкотемпературная пайка металлов. Перечень процессов для графического изображения на чертежах» с дополнениями, отражающими потребности народного хозяйства

3. Срок проверки - 1997 г.

Периодичность проверки - 5 лет

4. ВВЕДЕН ВПЕРВЫЕ

5. ССЫЛОЧНЫЕ НОРМАТИВНО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ДОКУМЕНТЫ

Обозначение НТД, на который дана ссылка

Номер пункта

ГОСТ 2601-84

2

ГОСТ 17325-79

2

СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

1. Назначение и область применения . 1

2. Ссылки . 1

3. Перечень . 1

Алфавитный указатель . 4

Алфавитный указатель на английском языке . 6

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